Monday, 16 March 2015


William Hogarth 1697-1764
Analysis of Beauty

Marriage a la Mode 1745

The Bad Taste of the Town 1724

The Times Plate 1 1762

An Election 1754-5

The Four Stages of Cruelty 1751

A Harlot's Progress 1731

Glyndebourne Video Introduction 

Hockney's Rake.
A Rake’s Progress (1961-63)

Other Rakes

Morris Today

Anarchy & Beauty: William Morris and His Legacy, 1860 - 1960 runs at the National Portrait Gallery in London from 16 October 2014 - January 11th 2015

Love is Enough - Andy Warhol and William Morris curated by Jeremy Deller runs at Modern Art, Oxford from December 6th 2014 - March 8th 2015.

Get the Ken Barlow look
by Alice Humphrys • Monday, March 14, 2011

The Crafts Council
Design Council

Festival of Britain
Utility Furniture
The Eames House, Case Study House #8,
Hammer Prints
Morris and Co
Colefax and Fowler Country House Style.
Robert Venturi, Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture, 1966.
The Past is no longer out of date….. Michel Serres 1995
Hal Foster ABC of Contemporary design, Autonomy, Design, Nobrow

Art Nouveau, Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Modern

Art Nouveau was a movement in the visual arts popular from the early 1890s to 1914.
 It is viewed by some as the first self-conscious attempt to create a modern style. Its influence can be found in painting, sculpture, jewellery, metalwork, glass and ceramics.

Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo (England, 1851-1942), Wren's City Churches, cover 1883: often cited among incunabula of Art Nouveau.

Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (1872 –1898)

Victor Horta (1861 – 1947) Hôtel Tassel, Brussels 1892-3

Henry Van de Velde, (1863 - 1957)

Siegfried Bing / “L’Art Nouveau” Gallery or Maison de l’Art Nouveau

Émile Gallé (1846 –1904) Art Glass

Hector Guimard 1867 – 1942 Metro stations.

Antoni Gaudí  (1852 – 1926) Barcelona, a gothic revivalist turned individualist Modernist.

Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868- 1928)
The Four
Herbert McNair
Margaret MacDonald
Frances MacDonald


Scotland Street 

Rural Retreat

Illustrated with images from Peter Henry Emerson's Pictures of East Anglian Life, 1888.
Such as In the Barley Harvest in collection of NMM.

We discussed :
“The pictures of Thomas Faed R.A., usually speak of a life tranquil and content, of a conscience at ease, of a home made happy, of a peasantry industrious, honest, dutiful, true to the domestic affections, simple cottagers who never break into ambitious rebellion against the lot assigned to them by Providence.”ART JOURNAL 1871

“Few sights are more pleasing and exhilarating than the groups of reapers and mowers who are now to be met with in all the lanes and roads around a country village, just as the light fades into darkness, or gives way before the clear and mellowed lustre of the harvest- moon, returning merrily, if wearily home, after their long day's work. Their sunburnt faces still more highly coloured by heat, and it may be by beer likewise, wear a happy and good-humoured look at this season, which is not always to be found on them. They wish you good-night as they pass, in a franker and more friendly tone than usual. And these signs of human joy, combined with all the evidence of plenty lying round about one, enable a man, for the moment, to cheat himself into a real belief in the superiority of rural felicity. “
From Anon, Harvest Cornhill Magazine 1865

John Robertson Reid A Country Cricket Match 1878
John Robertson Reid Toil and Pleasure 1879
and paintings by George Clausen.

Jacobs, M., 1985. Good and Simple Life: Artist Colonies in Europe and America, Phaidon Press Ltd, Oxford.
Lubbren, 2001. Rural Artists Colonies in Europe 1870-1910. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ.

The Voysey House, Chorleywood: The Orchard, Shire Lane.
Betjeman on BBC Iplayer.
Metroland old BBC video on Vimeo

Garden Village
Sir Ebenezer Howard 1850-1928
Garden City : “splendid possibilities of a new civilisation based on service to the community.”
Saw the suburb (Metroland) as a compromised alternative simply causing further city expansion.
1902: “To-Morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform”, later titled “Garden Cities of Tomorrow”

Hellerau, near Dresden, founded in 1909.
Hermann Muthesius and Deutscher Werkbund
Also A. S. Neill.

Book Illustration

We looked at the following categories
(very) Early History
Chapbooks, catnachery and broadsheets
Nineteenth Century novels
Graphic novels (Comics)

Images pinned here

Link to the THE BORN ILLUSTRATOR Edward Ardizzone’s views on illustration and the training of illustrators,

Early history terms:
First books printed in a press preceded Gutenberg’s invention of moveable type (1439-50) by 30 or so years: ‘block-books’
incunabula: 15th-century books produced with moveable type

We looked closely at the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, 1499.

On McSweeney's
“[T]here are business people who spend their days crowing about a future where physical books are no more, McSweeney’s is a small company dedicated to these physical books that purportedly have no future.” Dave Eggers
More at TIMOTHY McSWEENEY’SInternet Tendency

A chapbook is an early type of popular literature printed in early modern Europe. Chapbooks were mostly small paper-covered booklets, usually printed on a single sheet folded into books of 8, 12, 16 and 24 pages, often illustrated with crude woodcuts, which sometimes bear no relation to the text. They were produced cheaply.
“Chap” from chapman, an itinerant salesman.
“Jemmy” Catnach and his penny broadsides. CATNACHERY. (Book Club of California). Muir, P.H.
San Francisco: The Book Club of California, 1955.
Hindley, Charles The History of the Catnach Press... London 1887
The Catnach Press was founded in 1813 by James' father and James Catnach the son died in 1841. The press was a prolific publisher of children's books and ballads.

We looked at the work of "such artists as Cruikshank, Leech and 'Phiz' in England, and Doré, Grandville, and possibly Daumier, in France."

Graphic novel : term first used in 1960s USA to identify longer stories told in comic strip form and published as a book. Europeans referred to Albums or Bande dessinée. Japanese had long Manga tradition. Term became more widely used in marketing in 1980s following success of Watchmen (Moore) and Maus (Speigelman)

Frans Masereel (1889 – 1972) Belgian Woodcuts , actually wood engravings published to form wordless novels. Includes Passionate Journey (1919), The Sun (1919), Story Without Words (1920), The Idea (1920) Illustrated: The City.


Valley and River, Northumberland, 1972.

Edward Burra (1905-76)
Biography here
and here

BBC documentary (shown 2011 and 2014)

Pallant House Art Gallery Education pack 

In 1945 Burra was the subject of a monograph in the Penguin Modern Painters series with an introduction by John Rothenstein. Later he was fortunate in developing a particularly happy relationship with the Lefevre Gallery where he showed more or less biennially from 1952. The public and critical response to the exhibitions, though generally favourable, was modest and it was not until the retrospective exhibition at the Tate in 1973 that his work began to be widely appreciated.

Subject Matter:
High and Low
Danse Macabre
Landscape, especially England, particularly Rye
Stage Design

Martin, S., Raay, S. van, Lambirth, A., Stevenson, J., 2011. Edward Burra, First Edition edition. ed. Lund Humphries, Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Chichester.
Stevenson, J., 2008. Edward Burra: Twentieth-Century Eye. Pimlico, London.


Marc Chagall The Poet Reclining 1915

Biography here

Chagall Museum, Nice
Marc Chagall Museum, Vitebsk, Belarus.
Chagall Modern Master website Tate

Director Alexander Mitta
Production Historical Drama, 120 min, SHiM FILM, Russia, 2014